Today in History: the Declared Republic in France

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Declared Republic in France

September 22 is the 265th (266th day in leap years) of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days remaining until the end of the year is 100.

Railways

  • September 22, 1872 The first train whistle is heard in Haydarpaşa. 30-4 wooden wagons, attracted by small locomotives capable of traveling at 5 km / h on the Haydarpaşa Pendik line, began to carry their first passengers.

Olaylar

  • 1792 – The Republic is proclaimed in France.
  • 1903 – Italo Marchioni patents the ice cream cone (cone).
  • 1919 – The Socialist Party of Workers and Farmers of Turkey is founded.
  • 1939 – Earthquake in and around Dikili: More than 100 people died. Dikili and Karaburun were completely destroyed.
  • 1940 – Council of Ministers, The Journal d’Orient He closed his newspaper for seven days. It was alleged that the newspaper made publications contrary to official foreign policy.
  • 1950 – New start Newspaper founder and writer Aziz Nesin was arrested in absentia. Nesin is accused of making “broadcasts aimed at destroying social order”.
  • 1958 – President of CHP İsmet nönü, “The president of the Democratic Party will not be able to say goodbye to democracy.” noted.
  • 1964 – President Cemal Gürsel, convicted of the “Yassıada Trials”; Refik Koraltan pardoned Rüştü Erdelhun, Selim Yatağan and Nedim Ökmen due to illness.
  • 1980 – Beginning of the Iran-Iraq war.
  • 1984 – Villagers protest against the creation of a thermal power station in Gökova Bay.
  • 1986 – After the September 12 coup, Alparslan Türkeş speaks for the first time at the Istanbul rally of the Nationalist Labor Party (MÇP).
  • 1993 – The Metropolitan Museum in New York decides to return the “Treasure of Croesus” to Turkey.
  • 2000 – The Council of Ministers adopts the human rights report in accordance with the Copenhagen criteria.
  • 2002 – In Germany, the Social Democrats, led by Chancellor Gerhard Schröder, became the leading party in parliamentary elections.
  • 2002 – 9 Palestinians are killed in the clash that broke out during the operation organized by Israeli troops in Gaza over the capture of militants.

births

  • 1211 – Ibn-i Khallikan, 13th century historian, jurist and poet (died 1282)
  • 1515 – Anne of Cleves, VIII. Henri’s fourth wife (died 1557)
  • 1552 – IV. Vasily, Tsar of Russia (died 1612)
  • 1593 – Matthäus Merian, Swiss publisher (d. 1650)
  • 1606 – Li Zicheng, founder and sole emperor of the short Shun dynasty of China (d 1645)
  • 1715 – Jean-Étienne Guettard, French naturalist, botanist and mineralogist (died 1786)
  • 1741 – Peter Simon Pallas, Prussian zoologist and botanist (died 1811)
  • 1750 – Christian Konrad Sprengel, German naturalist, theologian and professor (died 1816)
  • 1759 – William Playfair, Scottish engineer and political economist (died 1823)
  • 1791 – Michael Faraday, English physicist (died 1867)
  • 1863 Ferenc Herczeg, Hungarian playwright (died 1954)
  • 1875 – Mikalojus Konstantinas Čiurlionis, Lithuanian painter, composer and writer (died 1911)
  • 1878 – Shigeru Yoshida, Japanese politician (died 1967)
  • 1885 – Erich von Stroheim, German actor and director (died 1957)
  • 1895 – Paul Muni, American actor born in the Austro-Hungarian Empire (died 1967)
  • 1901 – Charles Brenton Huggins, American physician, physiologist and Nobel laureate in physiology or medicine (d. 1997)
  • 1902 – Ayatollah Khomeini, Supreme Leader of Iran (died 1989)
  • 1906 – Ilse Koch, Nazi war criminal (died 1967)
  • 1917 – Türkan Aziz, first Turkish Cypriot head nurse (died in 2019)
  • 1931 – Alain Bacquet, French lawyer
  • 1934 – Ayla Erduran, Turkish violinist
  • 1942 – David J. Stern, American sportsman (NBA boss) (d. 2020)
  • 1951 – David Coverdale, English musician and founder and singer of Whitesnake
  • 1954 – Vedat Bilgin, Turkish sociologist, academician, bureaucrat and politician
  • 1957 – Nick Cave, Australian musician
  • 1957 – Refat Chubarov, Ukrainian politician
  • 1958 – Andrea Bocelli, Italian tenor, songwriter and composer
  • 1961 Bonnie Hunt, American actress
  • 1961 Catherine Oxenberg, American actress
  • 1964 – Hasan Basri Güzeloğlu, Turkish bureaucrat
  • 1966 – Erdogan Atalay, Turkish-German actor
  • 1966 – Ruth Jones, Welsh actress
  • 1967 – Félix Savón is a Cuban boxer.
  • 1969 – Yalçın Akdoğan, Turkish politician
  • 1970 – Mystikal, American rapper, songwriter and actor
  • 1970 – Emmanuel Petit, former French footballer
  • 1975 – Elif Güvendik, Turkish producer and presenter
  • 1976 – Martin Solveig, French DJ
  • 1977 – Ali Sunal, Turkish actor in theater, cinema and television series
  • 1978 – Harry Kewell, Australian football player
  • 1981 – Barış Atay, Turkish film and television actor
  • 1981 – Emre Canpolat, Turkish actor
  • 1981 – Sedat Ağçay, Turkish footballer
  • 1982 – Ayben, Turkish rap artist
  • 1982 – Billie Piper, English singer and actress
  • 1982 – Maarten Stekelenburg, Dutch goalkeeper
  • 1983 – Glenn Loovens, Dutch national football player
  • 1983 – Şeref Tüfenk, Turkish wrestler
  • 1984 – Lazar Angelov, Bulgarian fitness model
  • 1984 – Thiago Silva, Brazilian footballer
  • 1985 – Faris Haroun, Belgian footballer
  • 1985 – Tatiana Maslany, Canadian actress
  • 1987 – Tom Felton, English actor
  • 1987 – Tom Hilde, Norwegian ski jumper
  • 1987 – Zdravko Kuzmanović, Serbian football player born in Switzerland
  • 1988 – Nikita Andreyev, Russian football player
  • 1989 – Kim Hyo-yeon is a South Korean singer, rapper, dancer, DJ and television personality.
  • 1990 – Senem Kuyucuoğlu, Turkish model and presenter
  • 1992 – Emin Mehdiyev, Azerbaijani football player
  • 1994 – Enver Cenk Şahin, Turkish football player
  • 1994 – Mohammed Kanu, Saudi national football player
  • 1994 – Park Jin-young, South Korean actor, singer-songwriter, choreographer and dancer
  • 1995 – Nayeon, South Korean singer and dancer
  • 1999 – Kim Yoo-jung, South Korean actress, model and presenter
  • 1999 – Tallan Latz, American guitarist

Armed

  • 1158 – Otto von Freising, German priest and chronicler (born 1114)
  • 1253 – Dōgen, Japanese Zen teacher born in Kyoto and founder of the Zen Soto school in Japan (born 1200)
  • 1408-VII. John, Emperor IV. Son of Andronikos and Bulgarian Keratsa, daughter of Tsar Ivan Alexander of Bulgaria and Theodora of Wallachia (born 1370)
  • 1520 – Yavuz Sultan Selim, 9th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (born 1470)
  • 1531 – Louise of Savoy, French nobleman, regent of Auvergne and Bourbonnais, Duchess of Nemours and mother of King François I of France (born in 1476)
  • 1539 – Guru Nanak, first guru of the Sikhs (born 1469)
  • 1554 – Francisco Vásquez de Coronado, Spanish explorer (born 1510)
  • 1703 – Vincenzo Viviani, Italian mathematician and scientist (born 1622)
  • 1756 – Abu’l Hasan Ali, second ruler of the Huseyni dynasty and the Principality of Tunisia (born 1688)
  • 1774 – XIV. Clemens, pope from May 19, 1769 to September 22, 1774 (born in 1705)
  • 1828 – Shaka, the most influential chief of the Zulu tribe (born 1787)
  • 1872 – Vladimir Dal, Russian physician, naturalist, lexicographer, linguist (born 1801)
  • 1888 – Gustave Boulanger, French painter of classical figures and naturalist (born in 1824)
  • 1895 – Viktor Rydberg, Swedish writer (born 1828)
  • 1897 – Antônio Conselheiro, Brazilian religious leader and preacher (born in 1830)
  • 1914 – Alain-Fournier (born Henri Alban-Fournier), French writer (died 1886)
  • 1943 – Sedat Nuri İleri, Turkish cartoonist (born 1888)
  • [1945-GalipBahtiyarGökerhommepolitiqueturc(born1881)[1945-GalipBahtiyarGökerhommepolitiqueturc(néen1881)
  • [1945–MürselBakousoldatethommepolitiqueturc(born1881)[1945–MürselBakousoldatethommepolitiqueturc(néen1881)
  • 1952 – Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg, first President of the Republic of Finland (born 1865)
  • 1956 – Frederick Soddy, English chemist and Nobel Laureate (born 1877)
  • 1960 – Melanie Klein, British psychoanalyst (born 1882)
  • 1969 – Adolfo López Mateos, Mexican politician (born 1909)
  • 1969 – Alexandras Stulginskis, second President of Lithuania (born 1885)
  • 1973 – Paul van Zeeland, Belgian lawyer, economist, Catholic politician and statesman (born 1893)
  • 1979 – Ebu’l-A’lâ Mawdudi, Pakistani commentator, Islamic scholar, journalist and writer (born 1903)
  • 1985 – Axel Springer, German publisher (born 1912)
  • 1989 – Irving Berlin, American composer and songwriter (born 1888)
  • 1994 – Hedwig Potthast, mistress of Heinrich Himmler (born 1912)
  • 1996 – Dorothy Lamour, American actress (born 1914)
  • 1999 – George C. Scott, American actor and Oscar winner (born 1927)
  • 2001 – Fikret Kızılok, Turkish composer and music performer (born 1946)
  • 2001 – Isaac Stern, Russian-American violinist (born 1920)
  • 2004 – Big Boss Man, American professional wrestler (born 1963)
  • 2007 – Marcel Marceau, French pantomime (born in 1923)
  • 2008 – Hadi Çaman, Turkish theater artist (born 1943)
  • 2008 – Thomas Dörflein, German zookeeper (born 1963)
  • 2010 – Jackie Burroughs, Anglo-Canadian actress (born 1939)
  • 2010 – Eddie Fisher, American singer (born 1928)
  • 2010 – Jorge González, Argentine-American professional wrestler and basketball player (born 1966)
  • 2011 – Cengiz Dağcı, Crimean Tatar writer and poet (born 1919)
  • 2011 – Aristides Pereira, Cape Verdean politician (born in 1923)
  • 2011 – Knut Steen, Norwegian sculptor (born 1924)
  • 2011 – Vesta Williams, American soul singer, songwriter and actress (born 1957)
  • 2013 – David H. Hubel, American neurophysiologist (born 1926)
  • 2013 – Álvaro Mutis, Colombian writer, poet, columnist, publisher, filmmaker (born 1923)
  • 2013 – Luciano Vincenzoni, Italian playwright (born in 1926)
  • 2014 – Hans E. Wallman, Swedish director and producer (born 1936)
  • 2015 – Yogi Berra, legendary American baseball player and coach (born 1925)
  • 2017 – Paavo Olavi Lonkila, Finnish cross-country skier (born 1923)
  • 2017 – Börje Vestlund, Swedish politician (born 1960)
  • 2018 – Avi Duan, Israeli politician (born 1955)
  • 2018 – Chas Hodges, English singer and musician (born 1943)
  • 2018 – Al Matthews is a black American singer, actor and dubbing artist (born 1942)
  • 2018 – Edna Molewa, South African politician and minister (born 1957)
  • 2019 – Vytautas Briedis, Lithuanian professional rower (born 1940)
  • 2019 – Sándor Sára, Hungarian cinema and cinematographer (born 1933)
  • 2020 – Michael Gwisdek, German actor and director (born 1942)
  • 2020 – Frie Leysen, Belgian festival organizer and artistic director (born 1950)
  • 2020 – Jacques Sénard, French diplomat (born in 1919)
  • 2020 – Road Warrior Animal, American professional wrestler (born 1960)
  • 2020 – Agne Simonsson, former Swedish international football player (born 1935)
  • 2020 – Ashalata Wabgaonkar, Indian actress (born 1941)

Holidays and special occasions


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