Today in History – The Boston Globe

In 1788 Georgia became the fourth state to ratify the US Constitution.

In 1811, Senator Timothy Pickering, a federalist from Massachusetts, became the first member of the United States Senate to be censored after improperly revealing the contents of an executive document.

In 1900, US Secretary of State John Hay announced the “open door policy” to facilitate trade with China.

In 1929, the United States and Canada reached an agreement on joint action to preserve Niagara Falls.

In 1942, the Philippine capital of Manila was captured by Japanese forces during World War II.

In 1960, Senator John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts successfully launched his candidacy for the presidency.

In 1967, Republican Ronald Reagan was sworn in as the new governor of California in a ceremony held in Sacramento shortly after midnight.

In 1971, 66 people were killed in a pile-up of spectators leaving a football match at Ibrox Stadium in Glasgow, Scotland.

In 1974, President Richard Nixon signed a law requiring states to limit highway speeds to 55 miles per hour in order to save gasoline in the face of an OPEC oil embargo. (The 55 mph limit was effectively removed in 1987; federal speed limits were abolished in 1995.)

In 2007, the state funeral for former President Gerald R. Ford began with an elaborate service at the Washington National Cathedral and then moved to Grand Rapids, Michigan.

In 2012, Gordon Hirabayashi, a Japanese-American sociologist who spent 90 days in prison for refusing to be interned during World War II, died in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada at the age of 93. (Hirabayashi’s conviction was overturned in 1987 by a US court which found that the US government’s internment policies were based on political expediency, not national security risk.)

In 2015, California began issuing driver’s licenses to immigrants who were in the country illegally. Little Jimmy Dickens, a short singer-songwriter who was the oldest member of the Grand Ole Opry cast, has died at the age of 94.

In 2016, a heavily armed group led by Ammon and Ryan Bundy seized the Malheur National Wildlife Refuge in Oregon, starting a 41-day standoff to protest the imprisonment of two ranchers convicted of setting fires on public lands and to demand the return of the federal government. public land under local control.

In 2017, a suicide bomber driving an explosives-laden van hit a bustling market in Baghdad, killing at least 36 people in an attack claimed by the Islamic State group hours after French President Francois Hollande arrived in the capital Iraqi.

In 2018, Senator Al Franken officially resigned from the Senate a month after the Democrat of Minnesota announced his intention to leave Congress amid a series of allegations of sexual misconduct. NBC News has announced that Hoda Kotb will co-host the first two hours of “Today”, replacing Matt Lauer after his dismissal over allegations of sexual misconduct.

In 2021, in a phone call with Georgia’s Republican Secretary of State, President Donald Trump pressured Brad Raffensperger to “find” enough votes to undo Joe Biden’s victory in the state. , repeatedly citing refuted fraud allegations; In a recording of the conversation, Trump was heard raising the prospect of a “criminal offense” if officials did not change the vote count. Joining Trump’s efforts to overturn the election, eleven Republican and elected senators said they would vote against some state voters on January 6 unless Congress appoints a commission to verify the results. International inspectors have said Iran plans to enrich uranium up to 20% in an underground nuclear facility; Iran’s program would then be a technical step away from weapons quality levels. Paul Westphal, a Hall of Fame basketball player who won a championship with the Boston Celtics in 1974 and later coached in the league and in college, has died in Arizona at the age of 70.

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