On this day in history – July 19 – Almanac
Today is Monday, July 19, the 200th day of 2021 with 165 to follow.
The moon is growing. The morning stars are Jupiter, Mercury, Neptune, Saturn, and Uranus. The evening stars are Jupiter, Mars, Neptune, Saturn and Venus.
People born on this date are under the sign of Cancer. They include the American inventor of firearms Samuel Colt in 1814; the French painter Edgar Degas in 1834; famous murder suspect Lizzie Borden in 1860; Dr Charles H. Mayo, co-founder of the Mayo Clinic, in 1865; amateur singer Florence Foster Jenkins in 1868; former CIA agent / author Philip Agee in 1935; singer Vikki Carr in 1940 (81 years old); Member of the Ilie Nastase Tennis Hall of Fame in 1946 (75); musician Bernie Leadon in 1947 (74); Queen guitarist Brian May in 1947 (74); businessman Howard Schultz in 1953 (68); the filmmaker Atom Egoyan in 1960 (61 years old); actor Anthony Edwards in 1962 (59); sports journalist Stuart Scott in 1965; TV host Chris Kratt in 1969 (52); actor Benedict Cumberbatch in 1976 (45); actor Jared Padalecki in 1982 (39); actor Trai Byers in 1983 (38); actor Ryan Dorsey in 1983 (38); model Romee Strijd in 1995 (26 years old).
At this date in history:
In 1799, a French soldier discovered the Rosetta Stone, an ancient stele that served as a key to decipher Egyptian hieroglyphics.
In 1848, “bloomers”, a radical change in women’s clothing, were introduced at the first women’s rights convention in Seneca Falls, NY. They were named after Amelia Jenks Bloomer.
In 1911, Pennsylvania became the first US state to pass laws censoring films.
In 1943, American planes bombed key rail, steel and airport targets in Rome, killing thousands of civilians in World War II.
In 1946, Marilyn Monroe did her first screen test at Twentieth Century-Fox studios. Even without sound, the test was enough to earn Monroe his first contract. She divorced her first husband, James Dougherty, he told UPI, due to a non-marriage clause in the contract.
In 1969, Briton John Fairfax arrived in Fort Lauderdale, Florida to become the first person to cross the Atlantic solo.
In 1989, a paralyzed DC-10 airliner crashed in a cornfield in Sioux City, Iowa. One hundred and eighty-five of the 296 people on board survived.
In 1991, boxer Mike Tyson raped a contestant in the Miss Black America pageant in Indianapolis. He pleaded not guilty to the prosecution, but was found guilty in 1992.
In 1993, President Bill Clinton announced his “don’t ask, don’t say, don’t sue” policy towards gays in the US military. The policy was lifted in 2011.
In 1996, the Summer Olympics opened in Atlanta with a record 197 countries participating.
In 1997, the IRA declared a ceasefire in its long war to force Britain out of Northern Ireland.
In 2005, United States Court of Appeals Judge John Roberts was appointed by President George W. Bush to the United States Supreme Court, replacing Sandra Day O’Connor, who resigned. . After the death of William Rehnquist, Roberts’ appointment was changed to make him Chief Justice.
In 2007, on Wall Street, the Dow Jones Industrial Average closed above 14,000 for the first time.
In 2010, a high-speed express train slammed into the back of a train about to leave a station in West Bengal in India, killing more than 60 people and injuring around 100 others.
In 2012, the US Department of Defense said military personnel would be allowed to march in uniform during a San Diego gay pride parade.
In 2018, Israel passed a law declaring the country a Jewish nation state, granting only the Jewish people self-determination. A month later, tens of thousands of people protested Tel Aviv’s controversial law, calling it a form of apartheid.
A thought for the day: “I got married below me. All women do.” – American-British politician Nancy Astor