Beginning of the restoration of the Sasanian arch bridge

TEHRAN – The ruined monument was once an important arch bridge during the Sasanian era, around 1,700 years ago.

But over the years, the mud-brick bridge, located near the modern city of Dezful in southwestern Iran, has fallen into disrepair.

Now, after several rounds of restoration, parts of the bridge, including the roadway and piers, will be reinforced and secured, Dezful’s tourism chief said on Saturday.

Better known as the Dezful Bridge, the massive monument over the River Dez is believed to be the oldest surviving bridge in the world and it remained in full functionality until recently.

The historic bridge has been extensively repaired and renovated at different times to ensure its functionality and preservation. Nowadays, cars are no longer allowed to pass over the structure due to its historical value and fragility.

The monument is said to have been built by Roman prisoners of war after suffering defeat at the hands of the Sasanian king Shapur I the Great, who ruled Persia from around 240-270 CE.

The Sassanid era is of very great importance in the history of Iran. Under the Sassanids, Persian architecture and arts experienced a general renaissance. The architecture has often taken on grand proportions, such as the palaces of Ctesiphon, Firuzabad and Sarvestan, which are among the highlights of the ensemble.

Generally, a Sasanian archaeological landscape represents a very effective system of land use and strategic use of natural topography in the creation of the first cultural centers of the Sasanian civilization.

In 2018, a collection of historic Sasanian cities in southern Iran, titled “Sasanian Archaeological Landscape of the Fars Region”, was named a UNESCO site. The ensemble comprises eight archaeological sites located in three geographical parts of Firuzabad, Bishapur and Sarvestan.

World Heritage reflects the optimized use of natural topography and bears witness to the influence of Achaemenid and Parthian cultural traditions and Roman art, which later had a significant impact on the architecture and artistic styles of the era. Islamic.

Besides architecture, crafts such as metalworking and gemstone engraving became very sophisticated, but the state encouraged scholarship. During these years, works from East and West were translated into Pahlavi, the language of the Sassanids.

AFM

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